Manganese Steel 1.3401
Table of Content
MANGANESE STEEL PLATES, HADFIELD AUSTENITIC MANGANESE PLATE SUPPLIER IN INDIA, WORK HARDENING” STEEL PLATE DISTRIBUTOR, AUSTENITIC 11-14%MANGANESE, HADFIELD STEEL, X120MN12 MANGANESE STEEL SHEETS EXPORTER.
12-14% MANGANESE STEEL, ACRONI X12 PLATES, HIGH MANGANESE STEEL PLATE DEALER, 11- 14 % MANGANESE PLATE, HADFIELD / ASTM – A128 GR B2 PLATES, GX120MN12 PLATES, 1.3401 – X120MN13, 12-14% MANGANESE STEEL PLATE, X120MN13 PLATES STOCKIST IN MUMBAI, INDIA.
Manganese steel is an austenitic manganese steel plate and has been designed to resist severe impact and abrasion. It can be used in severe environments within industrial settings and is suitable for harsh environments. It is intended for service up to 550 BHN. Because this material hardens under cold work conditions, it needs to be handled with care when it is formed, drilled, or machined. Standard manganese electrodes can be used for welding Sheffield 14% Manganese. The material should only be handled by certified personnel who are familiar with working with this type of material. Drilling is not recommended for this particular product. It is a grayish-white metal with a pinkish tint, a very brittle, but hard metallic element, that is quite brittle. Despite its reactive nature, manganese is an easy element to combine with water and air due to its tendency to combine easily with both of them. The original austenitic manganese steel contains about 1.2% carbon and 12% manganese, which are highly resistant to wear and shocks. It has a manganese component that is highly resistant to corrosion.
These austenitic non-magnetic steels (Non-Magnetizable Steels) contain high levels of carbon and manganese – on average 1.00 – 1.20 percent. They are considered to be highly abrasive. In order to determine the concentrations of carbon and manganese in different grades, it is essential to know the equivalents of different grades of different origins. The abrasion-resistant steel grades may differ from the standard, which is also included in the presented table. A steel selection and use are mainly based on its ability to harden during grinding and crumbling, good ductility, impact resistance, and ability to withstand dynamic loads. High-manganese steel is also a non-magnetic steel after the appropriate heat treatment process has been carried out. This is another essential property of high-manganese steel. The third and probably last thing to mention is the material’s high hardness at the supersaturated state, which is about 500 hardness degrees. It is abrasion-resistant steel made of X120Mn12, which strengthens as the steel is operated, making it ideal for machinery and equipment that has to handle abrasion under dynamic pressures at high pressures. As a result, it has extremely difficult machinability and has a low resistance to temperature variations when it comes to maintenance, and is constantly exposed to large loads. Even the smallest cracks can lead to fatigue development and the destruction of the structural parts over time.
High-Manganese Steel X120Mn12 and 1.3401 with an austenitic structure consisting of high Carbon content, on average 1.00-1.20%, and a high manganese content, approximately 12%. Carbon and manganese concentrations vary according to the equivalent of the different grades of different origins, so the range of concentrations of these elements can vary. This table also includes the differences between the abrasion-resistant steel grades and the standard as well.
In order to select the appropriate steel, one must take into consideration the characteristics of hardening of the surface during grinding and crumbling, the ductility of the steel, its impact resistance, and the ability to withstand dynamic loads. As a second essential property, high-manganese steel is non-magnetic once it has been heating treated appropriately, which is an important factor in its application in the field. In the supersaturated state, the material’s hardness, which is around 500 HBW, is the third most important characteristic.
Abrasion Resistant Steels from Hadfield strengthen while in operation, making them a good choice for abrasion-prone parts and machines, particularly those exposed to dynamic and high surface pressures. Due to its difficult machining and low resistance to variable loads, it has a lot to be avoided.
It is important to remember that even the tiniest cracks can lead to fatigue and damage to structural components during the operation of machinery and equipment, due to the accumulation of pressure.
As the quenched state of manganese steel, also called hard manganese steel or manganese hard steel, one can see that in the cold-worked layer, it significantly increases its original low tensile strength and hardness with intense cold working, without negatively affecting its original very high persistence as a result. Cold working, or cold working with cold tools, greatly increases wear resistance. Since it is extremely resilient, it can be bent, flanged, and pierced very easily. As a result, taking or making chips in hard metal tools at room temperature is only possible to a limited extent.
A number of qualities of our alloy steel plate X120Mn12 make it the best among its peers. What more could you ask for?
Aside from the specifications X120Mn12 and 1.3401, we also offer high alloy steel plates. As a high alloy steel grade, it offers incredible work-hardening qualities. It is not uncommon for a high alloy steel plate to become increasingly exhausting once it is exposed to continuous impacts or abrasion. This is because it possesses a high degree of durability and plasticity, both of which allow shocks to be absorbed safely. The lack of lubrication or sand or grit particles in the parts does not affect much the charging surfaces of the parts that are connected. Hence, the high alloy steel plate can be used as a carrying plate wherever it is required. It has all the qualities needed to be an ideal steel for transporting things and equipment, abrasion, impact, or lubrication difficulties are encountered. There is something exceptional about the steel in the commission which is the ability to quickly harden a piece of iron while at the same time retaining its potential strength at the heart of it.
As a result of the speed at which the X120Mn12 steel hardens, this steel grade can be used in applications that require parts that will withstand wear in slippery contact conditions, as well as under significant pressure and continuous impact, regardless of the circumstances. The most common applications are for carrying plates, stone or iron chutes, industrial track work, anti-drill plates for security doors, shot-blasting instruments, and tumbler machines.
Adoni, Amaravati, Anantapur, Chandragiri, Chittoor, Dowlaiswaram ,Eluru, Guntur, Kadapa, Kakinada, Kurnool, Machilipatnam, Nagarjunakoṇḍa, Rajahmundry, Srikakulam, Tirupati, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, Yemmiganur, Itanagar, Dhuburi, Dibrugarh, Dispur, Guwahati, Jorhat, Nagaon, Sivasagar, Silchar, Tezpur, Tinsukia, Ara, Barauni, Begusarai, Bettiah, Bhagalpur, Bihar, Sharif, Bodh Gaya, Buxar, Chapra, Darbhanga, Dehri, Dinapur Nizamat, Gaya, Hajipur, Jamalpur, Katihar, Madhubani, Motihari, Munger, Muzaffarpur, Patna, Purnia, Pusa, Saharsa, Samastipur, Sasaram, Sitamarhi, Siwan, Chandigarh, Ambikapur, Bhilai, Bilaspur, Dhamtari, Durg, Jagdalpur, Raipur, Rajnandgaon, Daman, Diu, Silvassa, Delhi, New Delhi, Madgaon, Panaji, Ahmadabad, Amreli, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Dwarka, Gandhinagar, Godhra, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kandla, Khambhat, Kheda, Mahesana, Morbi, Nadiad, Navsari, Okha, Palanpur, Patan, Porbandar, Rajkot, Surat, Surendranagar, Valsad, Veraval, Ambala, Bhiwani, Chandigarh, Faridabad, Firozpur Jhirka, Gurugram, Hansi, Hisar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Panipat, Pehowa, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonipat, Bilaspur, Chamba, Dalhousie, Dharmshala, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kullu, Mandi, Nahan, Shimla, Una, Anantnag, Baramula, Doda, Gulmarg, Jammu, Kathua, Punch, Rajouri, Srinagar, Udhampur, Bokaro, Chaibasa, Deoghar, Dhanbad, Dumka, Giridih, Hazaribag, Jamshedpur, Jharia, Rajmahal, Ranchi, Saraikela, Badami, Ballari, Bengaluru, Belagavi, Bhadravati, Bidar, Chikkamagaluru, Chitradurga, Davangere, Halebid, Hassan, Hubballi-Dharwad, Kalaburagi, Kolar, Madikeri, Mandya, Mangaluru, Mysuru, Raichur, Shivamogga, Shravanabelagola, Shrirangapattana, Tumakuru, Vijayapura, Alappuzha, Vatakara, Idukki, Kannur, Kochi, Kollam, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Mattancheri, Palakkad, Thalassery, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Kargil, Leh, Balaghat, Barwani, Betul, Bharhut, Bhind, Bhojpur, Bhopal, Burhanpur, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Damoh, Datia, Dewas, Dhar, Dr. Ambedkar Nagar (Mhow), Guna, Gwalior, Hoshangabad, Indore, Itarsi, Jabalpur, Jhabua, Khajuraho, Khandwa, Khargone, Maheshwar, Mandla, Mandsaur, Morena, Murwara, Narsimhapur, Narsinghgarh, Narwar, Neemuch, Nowgong, Orchha, Panna, Raisen, Rajgarh, Ratlam, Rewa, Sagar, Sarangpur, Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol, Shajapur, Sheopur, Shivpuri, Ujjain, Vidisha, Ahmadnagar, Akola, Amravati, Aurangabad, Bhandara, Bhusawal, Bid, Buldhana, Chandrapur, Daulatabad, Dhule, Jalgaon, Kalyan, Karli, Kolhapur, Mahabaleshwar, Malegaon, Matheran, Mumbai, Nagpur, Nanded, Nashik, Osmanabad, Pandharpur, Parbhani, Pune, Ratnagiri, Sangli, Satara, Sevagram, Solapur, Thane, Ulhasnagar,n Vasai-Virar, Wardha, Yavatmal, Imphal, Cherrapunji, Shillong, Aizawl, Lunglei, Kohima, Mon, Phek, Wokha, Zunheboto, Balangir, Baleshwar, Baripada, Bhubaneshwar, Brahmapur, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Kendujhar, Konark, Koraput, Paradip, Phulabani, Puri, Sambalpur, Udayagiri, Karaikal, Mahe, Puducherry, Yanam, Amritsar, Batala, Chandigarh, Faridkot, Firozpur, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Nabha, Patiala, Rupnagar, Sangrur, Abu, Ajmer, Alwar, Amer, Barmer, Beawar, Bharatpur, Bhilwara, Bikaner, Bundi, Chittaurgarh, Churu, Dhaulpur, Dungarpur, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Jalor, Jhalawar, Jhunjhunu, Jodhpur, Kishangarh, Kota, Merta, Nagaur, Nathdwara, Pali, Phalodi, Pushkar, Sawai Madhopur, Shahpura, Sikar, Sirohi, Tonk, Udaipur, Gangtok, Gyalshing, Lachung, Mangan, Arcot, Chengalpattu, Chennai, Chidambaram, Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Erode, Kanchipuram, Kanniyakumari, Kodaikanal, Kumbakonam, Madurai, Mamallapuram, Nagappattinam, Nagercoil, Palayamkottai, Pudukkottai, Rajapalayam, Ramanathapuram, Salem, Thanjavur, Tiruchchirappalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruppur, Thoothukudi, Udhagamandalam, Vellore, Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Mahbubnagar, Nizamabad, Sangareddi, Warangal, Agartala, Agra, Aligarh, Amroha, Ayodhya, Azamgarh, Bahraich, Ballia, Banda, Bara Banki, Bareilly, Basti, Bijnor, Bithur, Budaun, Bulandshahr, Deoria, Etah, Etawah, Faizabad, Farrukhabad-cum-Fatehgarh, Fatehpur, Fatehpur Sikri, Ghaziabad, Ghazipur, Gonda, Gorakhpur, Hamirpur, Hardoi, Hathras, Jalaun, Jaunpur, Jhansi, Kannauj, Kanpur, Lakhimpur, Lalitpur, Lucknow, Mainpuri, Mathura, Meerut, Mirzapur-Vindhyachal, Moradabad, Muzaffarnagar, Partapgarh, Pilibhit, Prayagraj, Rae Bareli, Rampur, Saharanpur, Sambhal, Shahjahanpur, Sitapur, Sultanpur, Tehri, Varanasi, Almora, Dehra Dun, Haridwar, Mussoorie, Nainital, Pithoragarh, Alipore, Alipur Duar, Asansol, Baharampur, Bally, Balurghat, Bankura, Baranagar, Barasat, Barrackpore, Basirhat, Bhatpara, Bishnupur, Budge Budge, Burdwan, Chandernagore, Darjeeling, Diamond Harbour, Dum Dum, Durgapur, Halisahar, Haora, Hugli, Ingraj Bazar, Jalpaiguri, Kalimpong, Kamarhati, Kanchrapara, Kharagpur, Cooch Behar, Kolkata, Krishnanagar, Malda, Midnapore, Murshidabad, Nabadwip, Palashi, Panihati, Purulia, Raiganj, Santipur, Shantiniketan, Shrirampur, Siliguri, Siuri, Tamluk, Titagarh
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua-Barbuda Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina-Faso, Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo (Congo-Brazzaville), Costa-Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechia (Czech Republic), Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Eswatini (fmr. “Swaziland”), Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar (formerly Burma), Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, North Korea, North Macedonia, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine-State, Panama, Papua, New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
High Manganese Steel Plate Specification
Item: High Manganese Steel Plates
Supply Condition: As Rolled, Normalized Rolling, Furnace Normalizing, Vacuum Degassing, Simulated Post-Weld Heat Treatment, or as per customer requirement.
Impact tested: -52° C
Process of Manufacturing: Hot-Rolled (HR)
X120MN12, 1.3802 1.3401, A128 NON MAGNETIC STEEL CHEMICAL COMPOSITION WT%
|Grade||Chemical Composition WT %|
|X120Mn12, 1.3401||1.10 – 1.30||12.0 – 13.0||0.3 – 0.5||Max 0.1||Max 0.04||Max 1.5||–||Max 1.0||–|
|X110Mn14, 1.3402||1.00 – 1.25||13.5 – 14.5||0.35 – 0.70||Max 0.08||Max 0.02||–||–||–||–|
|Z120M12, Z 120 M 12, GD 233||1.05 – 1.35||11.0 – 14.0||0.2 – 0.6||Max 0.045||Max 0.035||–||–||–||–|
|BW 10, BW10||1.00 – 1.35||Min 11.0||Max 1.0||Max 0.05||Max 0.05||–||–||–||–|
|GX100Mn13, 1.3406||0.90 – 1.05||11.0 – 14.0||0.3 – 0.9||Max 0.06||Max 0.045||–||–||–||–|
|GX120Mn13, 1.3802||1.05 – 1.35||11.0 – 14.0||0.3 – 0.9||Max 0.06||Max 0.045||–||–||–||–|
|ASTM A128||1.05 – 1.35||Min 11.00||Max 1.00||Max 0.07||–||–||–||–||–|
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF X120MN, 1.3802, 1.3401 , A128 NON-MAGNETIC STEEL
|Mechanical and physical properties of X120Mn12(1.3802)|
|Tensile strength, Rm||80 – 110 kG/mm2|
|The yield point Re||35 – 45 kG/mm2|
|Elongation A5||≥ 40%|
|Contraction Z||40 – 55%|
|Hardness HB||190 – 250 kG/mm2|
|Density, ρ||7,71 kg/dm3|
EQUIVALENT GRADES OF X120MN12, 1.3802, 1.3401, A128 NON-MAGNETIC STEEL
X120Mn12, X 120 Mn 12, 1.3401, 3401, 120 Mn 12, X110Mn14, X110Mn14, 1.3402, 3402, L120G13, 110G13L, 110Г13Л, G13, Г13, 120G13. 120Г13. El256. ЭЛ256, X120Mn13. X 120 Mn 13. AoX 120 Mn 13, Z120M12. Z 120 M 12, GD 233, ČSN 17 618, 17618, ČSN 417618, NS 1699, NS1699, BW 10, BW10, Ma2, Ma3, Ma5, MaZ, GX100Mn13, 1.3406, 3406, GX120Mn13, 1.3802, 3802, GX120Mn18, 1.3407, 3407, GX120MnCr13-2, 1.3410, 3410, GX120Mn12, GX120Mn12, ASTM A128
Wear-resistant components for grinding machines, such as crusher jaws, excavator bolts, excavator sleeves, gripping teeth, and similarly stressed parts Safety engineering, grinding technology
The following are some typical uses of Manganese Steel X120Mn12/ 1.3401-purpose:
- A bucket and basket made of steel for excavators
- The steel used for the jaws of stone breakers is made from carbon steel
- The use of steel in prison bars and safes is very common
- Electromagnets are made from steel for the construction of their covers and construction parts
- For pressing briquettes, steel is used as mold steel
- Rails and pins, shafts and bushings of track chains are made of steel
- Baskets for excavators and tractors made of steel
- Turnouts, crossings for trains and trams, and steel for railways and tramways
- Ball mills are made from steel and cast steel
- In the form of sheets, steel is used for the walls of storage bunkers with the help of electromagnets
- Steel for wire sieves that is wear-resistant
- Stainless Steel Conveyors And Pipelines For The Pneumatic Transport Of Crushed And Ground Materials By Pneumatic Conveyors
- Blasting machines use hangers to hang the blasting media
- Jaws of the crusher
- Jaw inserts for crushers
- Bolts for power shovels
- Connectors for power shovels
- GraspingMills that use impact technology
- Mills that use centrifugal force
- Grills that provide protection from the elements
- The door
- A cladding system
- Plates for safety
There are a number of reasons why it is used for intense percussion and impact stresses.
The iron steel can be welded electrically or autogenously, however, electrical welding is generally preferred since, with autogenous welding procedures, it is possible to burn off manganese and carbon easily. Electrical welding uses shielded electrodes containing 0.8% – 1.0% C and 15 – 18% Mn. As the wear resistance of the weld seam is somewhat lower than that of the other materials, it is important to protect it from the elements.
- It is resistant to high levels of abrasion and severe impacts.
- Work hardened to 550BHN in a short period of time.
- It remains ductile throughout the entire process.
- The grade of Hadfield.
- Welding is possible with this material.
- It has non-magnetic properties.
- It is possible to cut it with an oxy-acetylene torch, plasma cutter, water jet cutter, or laser cutter.
- Our products are made to the toughest standards in the industry to ensure long service life.
HEAT TREATMENT OF X120MN12, 1.3802, 1.3401, A128 NON MAGNETIC STEEL
We give Hadfield steel the characteristic properties that it has. When the material is supersaturated at a temperature between 950 and 1000 degrees Celsius, then cooled in water, this results in an austenitic material structure, which makes processing the steel extremely difficult. As the steel is cooled from 950 °C to room temperature slowly in the air from its preheating temperature, a mixture of ferrite and manganese cementite forms in the structure. If it is cooled in water at its pre-heating temperature of approximately 850°C, a structure of ferrite and manganese cementite is created. Upon reaching 500°C, carbides (Fe, Mn) 3C form from austenite, and the pearlitic transformation of austenite leads to the formation of martensitic structures made of these carbides. Compared to the supersaturated steel structure, this structure has a much higher degree of workability. A cast, improperly tempered or supersaturated steel, or poorly welded steel is more brittle and has poorer technological and strength properties, which is associated with a reduction in abrasion resistance. As a result of the separation of carbides at grain boundaries, the austenite grains are breaking down into structural components (perlite + martensite) which are the result of these changes. For the steel to return to its previous ductility as well as its resistance to abrasion, it should be heated to the supersaturation temperature, then rapidly cooled in water (with smaller details being cooled in oil), which will result in the steel returning to its previous ductility and resistance to abrasion.
It has been recognized for a long time that austenitic manganese steels with 12-14% Mn exhibit an outstanding hardening capacity under stress. This steel has a hardness level ranging between 180 and 240 HB at the time of delivery as well as a moderate degree of ductility and an ability to absorb impact energy. When exposed to high pressure or impact loads in service, 1.3401 work hardens considerably on its surface, reaching up to 600 HB, while remaining relatively brittle in its bulk.
GALLING RESISTANCE/ SELF-LUBRICATION
The austenitic manganese steel also has an inherent property of self-lubricating, so for example, key components of railway wagons, pins, and bushings that form connections between mining shovels are made of Manganese steel, which doesn’t require either oil or grease to be applied to them.
Another characteristic of high-manganese steel is that it is non-magnetic, following the appropriate heat treatment. That is another crucial property.
PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE
In the temperature range of 450 – 750°C, embrittlement can occur after only a few minutes, making it not suitable for continuous operation at temperatures above 300°C. Exposure to higher temperatures leads to embrittlement by precipitation of carbide. In the 450 – 750°C temperature range, embrittlement can occur after only a few minutes.
Application areas X120Mn12 / 1.3401:
It is the construction of shot-blasting machines, security technology (doors, panels), safe construction, wear-resistant components for chipping machines, crusher jaws, bulk material conveyor systems, preparation and processing technology, centrifuges, and magnet construction that is considered to be novel.